@Home > Twilight of the Gods
First performed August 17, 1876.
Libretto by the composer (in German).
|A Summary of gGotterdammerung (Twilight of the Gods)h
Siegfried and Brunnhilde live happily,
but Siegfried set out on a journey to gain glory.
Gunther, lord of the Gibichungs, asks his half-brother, Hagen, how the
family can flourish. Hagen advises him that Gunther should marry Brunnhilde.
Siegfried who does not know anything arrives at the
Gibichungs. He is made to drink a potion to cause him to lose his memory, and
he asks Guntherfs sister, Gutrune, to marry him. Gunther tells Siegfried
that he will permit the marriage between Siegfried and his
sister if he can marry Brunnhilde.
In order to make Guntherfs marriage possible, Siegfried
disguises himself as Gunther, safely jumps into the
circle of fire, and removes the magical ring from Brunnhildefs finger.
In the Gibichung Hall, there are two wedding ceremonies, Siegfried
and Gutrune, Gunther and Brunnhilde. Brunnhilde gets angry with Siegfried
who forgets their happy days. Hagen asks her for Siegfriedfs
weak point. She teaches Hagen that he must attack Siegfried from behind in
order to kill him.
Hagen and Siegfried go out hunting. Hagen makes him
take antidote to the potion. Siegfried recovers his memory and his time with
Brunnhilde. However, Hagen stabs Siegfried in the back with a spear.
Brunnhilde is told all by three
Rhine maidens. Brunnhilde sets fire around Siegfriedfs body. The fire
causes the river, Rhine to flood. In the flood, three
Rhine maidens recapture the magic ring, and Hagen
dies from drowns. Brunnhildefs fire burns the castle of the
gods, Valhalla, and the glory of the gods ends.
|A Comment on gGotterdammerung (Twilight of the Gods)h
|This opera is the fourth, and the last opera of the
gRing Cycle.h Brunnhilde plays an active part in the second opera, gDie
Walkure (The Valkyrie).h Siegfried plays an active part in the third opera,
gSiegfried.h And, a key role in this fourth opera too, gGotterdammerung
(Twilight of the Gods),h isc the villain, Hagen. Hagen is a true villain. He
stabs Siegfried in the back with a spear. And, he enthusiastically persists in
trying to get the magic ring. He is the worst villain
in the worldfs operas.
The gRing Cycleh is made up of 4 great operas, and to perform it needs
more than 15 hours. This gigantic opera can be interpreted as several ways.
How do you read this opera, and when you finish enjoying it, what do you
feel from it?
To perform these 4 operas, gRing Cycle,h Richard
Wagner tried to build an opera house in Bayreuth. However, his funds were
insufficient. Then, King of Bavaria, Ludwig II, appeared in front of Wagner.
Thanks to substantial resources which Ludwig II possessed, a new opera house
was finally completed. In 1876, the Bayreuth Festival was held, and these 4
operas, gRing Cycle,h that is, gDer Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the
Nibelung),h were performed for the first time. Today, this Bayreuth Festival is
one of the most famous opera festivals in the world.
|Gluck, C. W. (1714-1787)
@- Orpheus and Eurydice
Mozart, W. A. (1756-1791)
@- The Marriage of Figaro
@- Don Giovanni
@- Cosi fan tutte
@- The Magic Flute
Beethoven, L. v. (1770-1827)
Weber, C. M. v. (1786-1826)
@- The Magic Bullets
Rossini, G. (1792-1868)
@- The Barber of Seville
Donizetti, G. (1797-1848)
@- The Elixir of Love
Verdi, G. (1813-1901)
@- Il trovatore
@- La Traviata
@- Un ballo in maschera
@- Don Carlo
Wagner, R. (1813-1883)
@- The Flying Dutchman
@- Tristan und Isolde
@- Die Meistersinger von Nuernberg
@- The Rhinegold
@- Die Walkure
@- Twilight of the Gods
Offenbach, J. (1819-1880)
@- The Tales of Hoffmann
Strauss, J. (1825-1899)
@- Die Fledermaus (The Bat)
Bizet, G. (1838-1875)
Tchaikovsky, P. J. (1840-1893)
@- Eugene Onegin
Massenet, J. (1842-1912)
Humperdinck, E. (1854-1921)
@- Hansel and Gretel
Puccini, G. (1858-1924)
@- La Boheme
@- Madama Butterfly
Leoncavallo, R. (1858-1919)
Mascagni, P. (1863-1945)
@- Cavalleria Rusticana
Debussy, C. (1862-1918)
@- Pelleas et Melisande
Strauss, R. (1864-1949)
@- The Cavalier of the Rose
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