@Home > Parsifal
First performed July 26, 1882.
Libretto by the composer (in German).
|A Summary of gParsifalh
In the Middle Ages, in the castle of Monsalvat, the lord of a castle, Titurel,
and Knights of the Holy Grail, protect the Grail and the Holy Spear. Kundry,
she is cursed, because she ridiculed Christ. Kundry is never able to die. The lord of
the castle, Titurel, finds her, and takes her to his castle.
A dark magician, Klingsor, visits Titurel
to join the Knights of the Holy Grail. But, Titurel refuses his request. So, Klingsor
makes beautiful women to seduce the Knights.
Titurelfs son, Amfortas goes to fight Klingsor.
Klingsor casts his magic on Kundry, and Kundry seduces Amfortas, and she steals
the Holy Spear. Kundry injures him on his side with the Holy Spear, and his wound
never recovers. Gurnemanz, the eldest Knight of the Holy Grail, tells Amfortas that
he can be helped by gthe pure fool.h
A youth appears in the forest. Kundry tells him that his mother died, so he is surprised. Gurnemanz takes
him to the castle.
The youth goes to fight Klingsor. Klingsor makes
Kundry seduce him. Kundry cries his name, Parsifal, and she kisses him. But, Parsifal
pushes her back.
Klingsor appears and throws the Holy
Spear at Parsifal. But, the Spear stops in midair. When Parsifal seizes the Spear,
and makes the sign of the cross, Klingsorfs castle collapses.
After some time, Titurel dies, but his son, Amfortas,
continues to suffer from his wound. Parsifal appears with the Holy Spear. He
touches Amfortasf injury with the Spear, and heals him. And, when Parsifal
holds up the Holy Grail, a white dove descends to Parsifal. When Kundry sees
this scene, she is released from her curse.
|A Comment on gParsifalh
|Richard Wagner composed 10 operas excluding when he was a study. All 10
operas are outstanding. If he composed only one of them, his name would
have been noted in history. This opera, gParsifalh is his last opera.
This is the most difficult opera to understand, but this is the greatest
opera. If you are interested in opera, and you have an opportunity to see
one of Wagnerfs operas, you must not miss this opera. gParsifalh will
never let you down.
Wagner named gParsifalh not opera, but gA Festival
Play for the Consecration of the Stage.h I think that gParsifalh is not an
opera, but appears to be an oratorio, that is to say, that is strictly a
concert piece. People who listen to this goperah, will have a divine experience.
Actually, this opera story is very simple. That is, a pure youth,
Parsifal, takes the Holy Spear back from the dark magician,
Klingsor. But, the characters in this opera have respective complicated backgrounds.
So, you can deeply ponder this opera.
If you feel this opera is too difficult, I recommend you to listen to the
prelude in Act 1 over and over again. There are some significant gLeitmotivh
in this prelude. You can understand this difficult music, and you would
gradually come under the spell of this beautiful music. So, please listen
to the prelude carefully.
Besides, I heard that Claude Debussy who is a famous French composer,
also praised this gParsifalh music very much.
|Gluck, C. W. (1714-1787)
@- Orpheus and Eurydice
Mozart, W. A. (1756-1791)
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@- Cosi fan tutte
@- The Magic Flute
Beethoven, L. v. (1770-1827)
Weber, C. M. v. (1786-1826)
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Rossini, G. (1792-1868)
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Donizetti, G. (1797-1848)
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Verdi, G. (1813-1901)
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@- Un ballo in maschera
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Wagner, R. (1813-1883)
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Offenbach, J. (1819-1880)
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Strauss, J. (1825-1899)
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Bizet, G. (1838-1875)
Tchaikovsky, P. J. (1840-1893)
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Massenet, J. (1842-1912)
Humperdinck, E. (1854-1921)
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Puccini, G. (1858-1924)
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Leoncavallo, R. (1858-1919)
Mascagni, P. (1863-1945)
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Debussy, C. (1862-1918)
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Strauss, R. (1864-1949)
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